What is top grain leather ?
Top-grain leather (the most common type used in high-end leather products) is the second-highest quality. It has had the “split” layer separated away, making it thinner and more pliable than full-grain. Its surface has been sanded and a finish coat added to the surface which results in a colder, plastic feel with less breathability, and it will not develop a natural patina. It is typically less expensive and has greater resistance to stains than full-grain leather, so long as the finish remains unbroken.
What is Genuine Leather ?
Genuine Leather is very durable, will last a lifetime and cost far more than Synthetic Leather (PU leather). Genuine Leather will have very expressed grooves kind of like your fingerprints, and will have a rich leathery scent even when dyed. Genuine leather isn't very pliable and can withstand constant torture and punishment. It'll hold up to yanking, stretching, bending, squashing etc.
What is PU Leather ?
PU (Poly) Synthetic Leather is a man made material that will represent the look and feel of Genuine Leather but in fact is NOT. This PU material is far less durable, considerably cheaper in cost, and may not last long if used often. This material is extremely pliable and will stretch kind of like a spandex material. It has a more shiny appearance and generally is far less thick than real leather. Grooves similar to your fingerprints are mechanically pressed into the material to give it that REAL look. These grooves are far less defined and are hairlike impressions. This material for the most part is Waterproof and easily cleaned or maintained. For persons on a tight budget this material is the way to go. It's about half the cost of real leather products and will still look awesome in your collection. If your Strict on your Leather policy, this IS NOT the way to go.
How To Identify Genuine Leather, PU Leather and PVC Leather?
Genuine leather is mainly processed from animal skin fabrics. Currently, the most popular genuine leather on the market are divided into the dermis layer of skin (Nappa Leather) first and second layer of skin. First layer is closest to the surface, less disability from the finest raw hide of work, the natural leather surface of the well-preserved state, the coating is thin, can show a pattern of animal skins natural beauty, it is not only wear ,but also has good air permeability, is the presence in the upper dermis. The second layer of skin is relatively loose fibrous tissue layer part, by spraying chemicals or covered with PVC, PU film processed, its fastness to wear less, is kind of cheaper leather. In addition to the second floor there are three outer skins; three skins is the worst animal leather.
PU leather and PVC leather collectively referred to as artificial leather, as opposed to a kind of leather is called.
Polyurethane PU is an abbreviation in English, commonly known as the main component of polyurethane. PU leather with polyurethane component of the skin that, it has a light weight, toughness, waterproof, water swelling deformation is not easy, environmentally friendly, wear-resistant, easy care, with a certain air permeability characteristics.
PVC English name Polyvinylchloride, the main component of PVC. PVC can be divided into rigid PVC and soft PVC. PVC leather is softer than PVC. PVC leather with rich colors, patterns range, cheap, etc. but compared with the PU drawback of short life more brittle, hard, heavy odor, non-permeability, tensile strength small.
Bonded leather or reconstituted leather is a term used for partially synthetic leather. It is a synthetic material made of varying types of plastic (generally polyurethane or vinyl) that may be spread over ground up leather and other substances, mechanically processed to give the appearance of leather, but at reduced cost and with less wastage compared to natural leather. Bonded leather can be found in furniture, bookbinding, and various fashion accessories. Examples of products that are most commonly constructed with different varieties of "bonded leather" are: books, diaries, art books, desk accessories, bags, belts, chairs, and sofas. The actual leather content of bonded leather varies depending on the manufacturer and the quality level they are selling. In the home furnishings industry there is much debate and controversy over the ethics of using the term "bonded leather" to describe a vinyl upholstery product.
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